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CSCS - Centre for Study of Culture & Society

Ph.D./Diploma Courses Offered in 2004-2005

Monsoon Semester 2004

401: Culture and Democracy (Course Coordinator: Ashish Rajadhyaksha)
: Tejaswini Niranjana, S.V.Srinivas, Ashish Rajadhyaksha, Shivaram Padikkal and Sitharamam Kakarala
Credits: 2
Course Requirements: Classroom presentations and a short assignment for each module.

This course is intended to explore some of the ways in which we might theorise the connections between democracy and culture in contemporary India. It will also serve as an introduction to the kind of inter-disciplinary research being done at CSCS. The first module will look at the issues surrounding our understanding of the colonial past, of the nationalist struggle, and the present-day critiques of those earlier historical-political moments. Module Two presents some of the key formulations that have emerged in cultural studies in India, focussing in particular on the attempts to conceptualise popular cultural practices. The third module of the course addresses public space. It will explore the translation of concepts of public access, the right to access and the terms of access, into geographic and later narrative definition. The three sessions address three moments in the history of abstract space: cinema space, video space and cyber space. Module Four looks at questions of linguistic nationalism. It will also explore how a specific form of regionalism gets articulated as linguistic identity. The fifth module looks at contemporary discourses of rights and analyses their implication in questions of culture; we will also discuss the debates around multiculturalism and their possible relevance for the Indian context.

Module 1: Colonialism, Nationalism, Decolonization
Instructor: Tejaswini Niranjana
Session I: Colonialism and the Nation Question. M.K.Gandhi, Hind Swaraj, Jawaharlal Nehru, selected essays; B.R.Ambedkar, Annihilation of Caste
Session II: Nationalism and its Politics. Partha Chatterjee, "The Thematic and the Problematic" Rajni Kothari, "Rise of the Dalits and the Renewed Debate on Caste", Ashis Nandy, "The Twilight of Certitudes: Secularism, Hindu Nationalism and other Masks of Deculturation"
Session III: Colonialism and the Present. Tejaswini Niranjana, "Left to the Imagination: Indian Nationalisms and Female Sexuality in Trinidad" (ms. Version), Paul Gilroy, "The Black Atlantic as a Counter-Culture of Modernity", Partha Chatterjee, "Beyond the Nation? Or Within?"

Module 2: Histories of Cultural Studies
Instructor: S.V. Srinivas
Session I: Interpretation and Resistance. Guha, Ranajit, "Prose of Counter-insurgency" and Elementary aspects of peasant insurgency (selections), Amin, Shahid. 1984. "Gandhi as Mahatma: Gorakhpur District, Eastern U.P., 1921-22", Todd Gitlin, "The Anti-Political Populism of Cultural Studies"
Session II: Ideology and Culture. Madan Gopal Singh, "Technique as Ideology". Ashish Rajadhyaksha, "Beaming Messages to the Nation", Sudipta Kaviraj, "Capitalism and the Cultural Process". M. Madhava Prasad, "Cinema and the Desire for Modernity".
Session III: Culture as field of the Political. Vivek Dhareshwar, "Caste and the Secular Self". Ashish Rajadhyaksha, "Epic Melodrama". Tejaswini Niranjana, "Nationalism Refigured : Contemporary South Indian Cinema and the Subject of Feminism".

Module 3: Explorations in Narrative Space
Instructor: Ashish Rajadhyaksha
Session I: Urban Space/Public Space/Film Space
'Cinema and the City in History and Theory' Mark Shiel (from Mark Shiel and Tony Fitzmaurice ed. Cinema and the City), 'Narrative Space', Stephen Heath (from Questions of Cinema)
Screening: D.G. Phalke's Kaliya Mardan and Shri Krishna Janma
Session II: Mediatized Space, Video Space
Frederic Jameson. 'Video', from Postmodernism, Or, the Cultural Logic of Late Capitalism.
Ashish Rajadhyaksha, 'Video, Art, Medeamaterial'.
Screening: Nalini Malani's Medeamaterial
Session III: Virtual Space
Donna Haraway,"A Cyborg Manifesto: Science, Technology and Socialist-Feminism in the Late Twentieth Century" (From The Cybercultures Reader), Gareth Branwyn, "Compu-Sex: Erotica for Cybernauts" (From The Cybercultures Reader)
Screening: Shilpa Gupta's websites, Cyber games.

Module 4: Region, Language and Identity
Instructor: Shivaram Padikkal
Session I:
Anderson, Benedict .1991. Imagined Communities. London: Verso Bali, Arun P ed., 2001. Refashioning The New Economic Order: Karnataka In Transition. New Delhi: Indian Council of Social Science Research, Rawat Publications. Hall, Stuart. 1992. eds, Modernity and its Futures. Cambridge: Polity Press. Jeffrey, Robin. 1997. "Kannada: We Fake It There Is Competition" EPW VolXXXII(12) pp 566-570, Manor, James.1977. Political Change in an Indian State New Delhi: Manohar
Session II: Nair, Janaki.1996, "Memories of Underdevelopment" EPW Vol.XXXI (41&42) 2809-2816. Niranjana, Tejaswini, P. Sudhir and Vivek Dhareshwar eds.,1993. Interrogating Modernity: Culture and Colonialism in India. Seagull: Calcutta. Rao, Raghavendra. 2000. Imagining Unimaginable Communities Hampi: Kannada University.
Session III: Rubinoff 1998, The Construction of a Political Community New Delhi: Sage. Saberwal, Satish.1971. "Regions and their Social Structures" Contributions to Indian Sociology. No, V December. Pp 82-98. Soja, Edward 1993. The Postmodern Geography, the Reassertion of Space in Critical Social Theory. London: Verso. Vyasulu, Vinod. 1997. Facets of Development: Studies in Karnataka. Jaipur: Rawat Publications Karnataka.

Module 5: Culture and the Discourses of Rights
Instructor: Sitharamam Kakarala
Session I: Cultures of Modern Rights
A selection of historical documents that capture the variety and complexity of 17th-early 20th century dynamics of rights-based discourses Jawaharlal Nehru, "On Civil Liberties", Charles Taylor, Modernity and the Rise of the Public Sphere, J.C.D. Clark, The Language of Liberty-1660-1832, Ch 1, Sudhir Chandra, Enslaved Daughters
Session II: Cultural Critiques of Modern Rights
American Anthropological Association's statements on human rights (1947 & 1999) & Talal Asad, "Anthropology and human rights" Tagore, "Civilization and Progress" and "Nationalism", Gandhi, "Duties and Rights", Macau Mutua, "The Metaphor of Human Rights"
Session III: Multicultural Response and the Future of Rights and Democracy
Joseph Raz, "Multiculturalism", Indian debates on "secularism and minority (cultural) rights" Ashis Nandy, to be announced

Monsoon Semester 2004

402: Law, Rights and Culture
: Sitharamam Kakarala
Credits: 2
Course Requirements: Classroom presentations and a term paper (5000 words)

This course aims at exploring the interplay between culture and Law-Rights in such a way that certain interdisciplinary concerns in the research and teaching of law in general, and legal theories and philosophies in particular in regular law schools and departments, are addressed. The course however does not have a clear hypothesis. It is exploratory in nature and addresses four themes, which I believe are important, and could potentially not only illuminate our understanding on them but also redefine legal pedagogic engagement. The first theme explores into the histories and philosophies of "path-making" in modern law with the help of a set of critical texts with a view to critically reflect on the question of 'normativity'. Similarly the second theme will address what is by now a well-explored theme in cultural studies, viz., "cultural translations and the problem of intelligibility". I hope the readings chosen for the them adequately represent the complexity of the issue and also help us grapple with the core concerns. The third theme broadly looks at the contributions of anthropologists to the understanding of custom and law, including the negotiations of rules and laws outside the realm of state. The fourth theme attempts at addressing some of the keenly contested contemporary concerns in law and society studies such as the imaginations of "secularism" and identity politics.


Session One: 'Enculturing' Law and Rights
1. Austin Sarat and Thomas Kearns, eds. Law in the Domains of Culture , chs. 1 and 2. 2. Robin West, "Disciplines, Subjectivity and Law" in Austin Sarat and Thomas Kearns, eds, The Fate of Law.

Module One: Law and the Construction of the Other

Session Two: Modernity and the Nature of Legal Discourse
1. Lon L. Fuller, "The case of the Speluncean Explorers". 2. Samuel Thompson, "The Authority of Law". 3. Henry Maine, The Ancient Law 4. Bentham, Selections from Theory of Legislation. 5. Peter Fitzpatrick, Modernism and Grounds of Law.
Session Three: Colonialism and the 'invention' of custom
1. Malinowski, Crime and Custom in Savage Society. 2. Janaki Nair, Women and Law in Colonial India. 3. Mahmood Mamdani, Citizen and Subject
Session Four: From Status to Contract: Paths of Colonial law
1. Bernard Cohn, "From Indian Status to British Contract". 2. Eric Stokes, The English Utilitarians and India. Ch. III. 3. Sanjay Nigam, "Disciplining and Policing the 'Criminals by Birth'". 4. Ronen Shamir and Daphna Hacker, "Colonialism's Civilising Mission: The Case of the Indian Hemp Drug Commission".

Module Two: Cultural Translations and Questions of Intelligibility

Session Five: 'Cultural Difference'
1. A.K. Ramanujan, "Is there an Indian way of Thinking?" 2. Ashis Nandy, "History's Forgotten Doubles". 3. James C. Scott, "Geographies of Trust...", 4. Partha Chatterjee, "Community in the east" 5. Comaroff, "Colonialism, law..."
Session Six: 'Legal Cultures': Adapting to Modernity
Readings: 1. Sally Engle Merry, "Resistance and Cultural Power of Law. 2. Alan Hunt, "The Role of Law in the Civilizing Process and the Reform of Popular Culture". 3. R.S. Khare, "Indigenous Culture and Lawyer's Law in India". 4. Robert Porter, "Strengthening Tribal Sovereignty through Peacemaking: How the Anglo-American Legal Tradition Destroys Indigenous Societies".
Session Seven: Cultural Translations: Native Discourses of Rights
Readings: 1. Satyamurthy, Rights of Citizens 2. Sudhir Chandra, Enslaved Daughters. 3. Upendra Baxi, Future of Human Rights, ch. 3. 4. Satish Sabharwal, in Satish Sabharwal and Hieko Seivers eds., Laws, Rules and Constitutions. 5. Sumit Guha, in Satish Sabharwal and Hieko Seivers eds., Laws, Rules and Constitutions.

Module Three: Ethnographies of Law and Rights

Session Eight: Going beyond the state: A Perspective on Legal Anthropology
Readings: 1. Sally Falk Moore, "Certainties Undone: Fifty Turbulent Years of Legal Anthropology, 1949-1999". 2. Clifford Geertz, "Local Knowledge: Fact and Law in Comparative Perspective".
Session Nine: Customary Law and Customary Rights
Readings: 5. A.R. Radcliffe-Brown, Structure and Function of Primitive Society, chs. XI and XII. 6. A.I. Pershits, "The Primitive Norm and Its Evolution". 7. Carol Greenhouse, "Looking at Culture, Looking for Rules". 8. Bernard Cohn, "Anthropological Notes on Disputes and Law in India". 9. Donald R. Davis, Jr. "Recovering the Indigenous Legal Traditions of India". 10. Sumit Guha, "Wrongs and Rights in the Maratha Country: Antiquity, Custom and Power in Eighteenth Century India".
Session Ten: Grassroots (Indigenous) Law
Readings: 1. Anna-Maria Marshall and Scott Barclay, "In Their Own Words: How Ordinary People Construct the Legal World". 2. Marc Galanter, Law and Society in Modern India, Part II. 3. Sarah Leah Whitson, "Lok Adalats: An Experiment in Informal Dispute Resolution in India".

Module Four: Contested domains: Law and Rights in contemporary debates on Secularism and Identity Politics (With Mathew John)
Session Eleven: Am happy to go with any text you might find useful but my suggestions would be Nandy, Bhargava and Donald Smith.

Session Twelve and Thirteen:
(i) Everson v. Board Of Education Of Ewing 330 US 1 (1947). (ii) Wisconsin v. Yoder 32 L.Ed.2d 15. (iii). Constituent Assembly debates. (iv) Text of Indian constitution Arts. 25-28. (v) The Commissioner Hindu Religious Endowments, Madras v. Sri Laxmindra Thirtha Swamiar of Shirur Mut AIR 1954 SC 282. (vi) S.R. Bommai v. Union of India (1994) 3 SCC 1. (vii)Sastri Yagnapurushadji And Others v. Muldas Bhudardas Vaishya AIR 1966 SC 1119. (viii) Ramesh Yashwant Prabhoo (Dr.) v. Prabhakar K. Kunte, (1996) 1 SCC 130. (ix) State of Karnataka v. Praveen Togadia 2004 (4) SCC (May 14th). Session Fourteen: Concluding Reflections Readings: 1. Guyora Binder and Weisberg, "Cultural Criticism of Law".

Session Fourteen
: Concluding Reflections
Readings: 1. Guyora Binder and Weisberg, "Cultural Criticism of Law".

Monsoon Semester 2004

403: Mass Culture and the Public Sphere
: S.V. Srinivas
Credits: 2
Course Requirements: Class room presentations and term paper (5000 words)

The course examines the body of work produced by the Frankfurt School to reconceptualize the linkages between the realms conventionally designated as those of 'culture' and 'politics,' a link that the cinema in our context foregrounds. The course re-traces the connections made by the Frankfurt School between industrially produced culture, group psychology, irrationality and totalitarian politics. The focus will be on methodological issues rather than specific formulations of this body of scholarship. An attempt is made to lay down a framework for the study of Indian cinema by critically analyzing the debates initiated by the work of Frankfurt School scholars. Particular emphasis will be laid on the concept of the public sphere and its possible uses in theorizing the links between 'culture' and 'politics.'

1. Critique of the enlightenment I. Kant, 'An Answer to the Question: What is Enlightenment', pp 17-22, from Practical Philosophy, M. Horkheimer and T. Adorno, 'The Concept of Enlightenment', pp 3-43, Dialectic of Enlightenment. M. Foucault, 'What is Enlightenment?' pp 32-50, The Foucault Reader. Ashis Nandy, 'Science as a Reason of State', pp 1-23, Nandy ed. Science, Hegemony and Violence.

2. The Group S. Kracauer, 'The Group as Bearer of Ideas', pp 143-170, from The Mass Ornament. Also from The Mass Ornament: 'The Hotel Lobby', 'The Little Shopgirls Go to the Movies' and 'Cult of Distraction' for classroom presentation. E. Fromm, 'Freedom: A Psychological Problem?' and 'The Emergence of the Individual and the Ambiguity of Freedom', pp 1-32, from The Fear of Freedom.

3. The Group S. Freud, Group Psychology and the Analysis of the Ego. (From Civilization, Society and Religion, v 12, The Pelican Freud Library, pp 93-178) Classroom presentation: S. Freud, 'Civilisation and its Discontents'. (From Civilization, Society and Religion, v 12, The Pelican Freud Library, pp 245-340), H. Marcuse, 'The Dialectic of Civilization', pp 71-95, from Eros and Civilisation: A Philosophical Inquiry into Freud.

4. Culture Industry T. Adorno/M. Horkheimer, 'The Culture Industry: Enlightenment as Mass Deception' pp 120-167, Dialectic of Enlightenment. T. Adorno, 'Culture Industry Reconsidered', pp 85-92, The Culture Industry. T. Adorno, 'Anti-Semitism and Fascist Propaganda', pp 218-231, from The Stars Down to Earth. T. Adorno, 'Freudian Theory and the Pattern of Fascist Propaganda', pp 114-135, from The Culture Industry.

5. Consumption and mobilization - I Ashis Nandy, "Indian Popular Cinema as a Slum's Eye View of Politics." In Ashis Nandy (ed), The Secret Politics of Our Desires: Innocence, Culpability and Indian Popular Cinema. New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1998. Ashis Nandy, "An Intelligent Critic's Guide to Indian Cinema." In Ashish Nandy, The Savage Freud and other essays and possible and retrievable selves. Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1995 K. Sivathamby, Tamil Film as a Medium of Political Communication. South Asia spl issue, 'Aspects of the Public in Colonial South Asia.' Robert Hardgrave Jr. and Anthony Niedhart. 1975. 'Film and Political Consciousness in Tamil Nadu.' Economic and Political Weekly. 10:1/2 (January). pp. 27-35. Classroom Presentation: M.S.S. Pandian, 1992. The Image Trap: M.G. Ramachandran in the Film and Politics. Delhi: Newbury Park, London: Sage.
FILM: D.G Phalke, Shrikrishna Janma
FILM: Iddaru / Iruvar (Manirathnam, 1997)

6. The city Walter Benjamin, 'Paris: Capital of the Nineteenth Century', from The Arcades Project, pp 3-26. Susan Buck-Morss, 'Dream World of Mass Culture' (pp 253-286) from The Dialectics of Seeing. Fredric Jameson, Signatures of the Visible. New York, London; Routledge (Chapter I, "Reification and Utopia in Mass Culture").

7. Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction Walter Benjamin, 'The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction', pp 219-253, from Illuminations. T. Adorno, on Benjamin's essay, letter to Benjamin, pp 120-126, Aesthetics and Politics. Classroom Presentation: W. Benjamin, 'The Author as Producer', from Understanding Brecht. Gulam mohammed Sheikh, 'Mobile Vision, Some Synoptic Comments', Journal of Arts and Ideas, No. 5. Ashish Rajadhyaksha, 'The Phalke Era: Contradictions of Traditional form and Modern Technology', Tejaswini Niranjana et. al. (eds), Interrogating Modernity: Culture and Colonialism in India, pp. 47-82.

8. Mass to public J. Habermas, 'The Bourgeois Public Sphere: Idea and Ideology' (pp 89-140) and 'The Social-Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere' (pp 141-180), from The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere.

9. Proletarian Public sphere Negt and Kluge, 'The Public Sphere as Organisation of Collective Experience', 'On The Dialectic between the Bourgeois and Proletarian Public Sphere', pp 54-95, from Public Sphere and Experience: Towards an Analysis of the Bourgeois And Proletarian Public Sphere.

10. Public sphere at large - I Miriam Hansen, 'Foreword', Negt and Kluge, Public Sphere and Experience, pp 1-53. Nancy Fraser, 'Rethinking the Public Sphere: A Contribution of Actually Existing Democracy.' M.S.S. Pandian, 'Beyond Colonial Crumbs: Cambridge School, Identity Politics and Dravidian Movement(s).' Economic and Political Weekly (February 18-25, 1995). pp. 385-391. M.S.S. Pandian, 'Tamil Cultural Elites and Cinema: Outline of an Argument.' Economic and Political Weekly 31:15 (April 13-20, 1996). pp. 950-955. Ravi Vasudevan, 'Reflections on the Cinematic Public, 1913-1943.' Paper presented at Study Week on 'Making Meaning in Indian Cinema' (26-29 October 1995). Indian Institute of Advanced Study, Shimla.

11. Public sphere at large - II Miriam Hansen, Babel and Babylon (first four chapters) Student Presentations

12. Consumption and Mobilisation - II Chidananda Dasgupta. 1991. The Painted Face. Delhi: Roli Books (Chapter 9-The Painted Face of Politics). Madhava Prasad, M. 1999. 'Cine-Politics: On the Political Significance of Cinema in South India.' Journal of the Moving Image, no. 1 (Autumn) Student Presentations

13. Governmentality, political society M. Foucault, 'Governmentality', Graham Burchell, Colin Gordon and Peter Miller (eds), The Foucault Effect, pp. 87-104. Partha Chatterjee, 'Democracy and the Violence of the State: A Political Negotiation of Death.' Inter-Asia Cultural Studies, 2:1 (April 2001). Student Presentations

14. Indian cinema: Mass culture or popular culture? Ashish Rajadhyaksha, 'The "Bollywoodisation' of the Indian Cinema: Cultural Nationalism in a Global Arena,' Inter-Asia Cultural Studies (April 2003) For Classroom presentation: Ashish Nandy, The Tao of Cricket: On Games of Destiny and the Destiny of Games. Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2000. Student Presentations

Winter Semester 2005

404: Culture, Reform and Women
: Mrinalini Sebastian
Credits: 2

This course will seek to take a closer look at many of the debates on culture starting from the nineteenth century and investigate the relationship between the idea of social reform, and contemporary notions of culture and gender. Why have social reformers always invoked culture while attempting social transformation? What are the conceptual presuppositions of the discourse of reform that get articulated as cultural and gender questions? By keeping the 'women's question' as a common factor, the course will analyse various debates around culture and reform, not just in the nineteenth century social reform movement but also in our contemporary society.

Reading List:
Session 1:
Introduction: Okin, "Is Multiculturalism Bad for Women?", Azizah Y al-Habiri, "Is Western Patriarchal Feminism Good for Third World/Minority Women?"

Reforming Cultures:
Session 2
J.S. Mill. "The Subjection of Women", Chapter 3. In On Liberty and Other Writings. Ed. Stefan Collini. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989. Mary Wollstonecraft, A Vindication of the Rights of Women, Chapter XII

Session 3:
Amiya P.Sen, ed. Social and Religious Reform: The Hindus of British India, pp. 3-46. Rajaram Mohan Roy, Bentinck Lata Mani, "Contentious Traditions"

Session 4:
Ramabai, " The High Caste Hindu Woman," Tarabai Shinde, "A Comparison between Women and Men". Phule, From Selected Writings Women's Education:

Session 5:
Missionary documents/Early Women's Writing on Hygiene, Superstition, 'Education' (to be provided) Excerpts from Katherine Mayo, Selections from Mother India and Muthulakshmi's response to Mayo.

Session 6:
Tanika Sarkar, "Strishiksha, or Education for Women," and Rashsundari Debi, "Amar Jiban" in Words to Win: The Making of Amar Jiban: A Modern Autobiography

Session 7:
Excerpts from the document "Educational Development of Women in India" and "Report of the Task Force on Education for Women's Equality", http://shikshanic.nic.in/cd50years/ (Section on Equity in Education), Dipta Bhog, "Gender and Curriculum," EPW (April 27- May 3,2002): 1638-1642, Neera Desai, Vina Mazumdar, Kamalini Bhansali, "From Women's Education to Women's Studies" Narratives from the Women's Studies, Family, ed. Devaki Jain and Pam Rajput Women, Law and Reform

Session 8:
Janaki Nair, " 'Social Reform' and the Women's Question," Women and Law in Colonial India: A Social History, Meera Kosambi, "Gender Reform and Competing State Controls over Women: The Rakhmabai Case (1884- 1888)", Sudhir Chandra, Expositions by Dadaji and Rakhmabai, Appendix: C and D in Enslaved Daughters: Colonialism, Law and Women's Rights

Session 9:
Catherine A. MacKinnon. Toward a Feminist Theory of the State. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1989, Nivedita Menon, "Embodying the Self: Feminism, Sexual Violence and the Law"

Session 10:
Flavia Agnes: "Political Reformation of Christian Personal Law" and "Strategies of Reform", Law and Gender Inequity Reforming Communities and Feminism's Dilemma.

Session 11:
Justice Chandrachud's Judgement in the Shah Bano Case, Martha Nussbaum, "The Role of Religion".

Session 12:
Kalpana Ram, "Rationalism, Cultural Nationalism and the Reform of the Body Politics: Minority Intellectuals of the Tamil Catholic Community", in Social Reform, Sexuality and the State, ed. Patricia Uberoi, Sage, 1996, pp. 291- 318. Gabriela Dietrich, "Women and Religious Identities in India after Ayodhya" in Against All Odds: Essays on Women, Religion and Development from India and Pakistan, ed. Kamla Bhasin, Ritu Menon and Nighat Said, pp.35-50. Susie Tharu and Tejaswini Niranjana, "Problems for a Contemporary Theory of Gender"

Session 13:
Tejaswini Niranjana, " Feminism and Translation in India,: Contexts, Politics, Futures" Cultural Dynamics, Vol 10, Number 2 (July 1998): 133-146, Saba Mahmood, "Feminist Theory, Embodiment, and the Docile Agent: Some Reflections on the Egyptian Islamic Revival", Akeel Bilgrami, "What is a Muslim?"

Session 14:

Winter Semester 2005
Course 405: Writing Seminar
Instructor: Tejaswini Niranjana
credits: 2

This seminar will focus on research writing in social sciences-humanities contexts. Although there are no prescribed readings for the course, short readings and handouts will be provided from time to time. In this course, students will be expected to produce three pieces of writing: (a) a research journal (b) a literature review, and (c) the draft of a research proposal. In addition, each student will choose a topic to research for the CSCS Media Archive, and put together a mini-database of resources for inclusion in the electronic archive. In the introductory sessions, we will explore aspects of academic writing such as structuring an argument, structuring paragraphs and sentences, finding and constructing thesis statements, etc. Additionally, we will devote some sessions to methodological issues, with reference to the work of faculty and research scholars at the Centre. Students will learn to demarcate the context of research, identify a specific research problem, and formulate the methodology to be employed in their thesis. They will acquire these skills through a series of writing tasks assigned by the instructor.

Session I: Introduction. Exercises: Rewriting sentences; compare and contrast.

Session II: Discussion on methodology: examples from anthropology, history and literary studies. Issues of interdisciplinarity.

Session III: Topic Sentences and Thesis Statements. Sources and Bibliographies.

Session IV: Establishing the context for research. Identifying the research problem. Use of evidence. The role of hypothesis. Using the library. [Hand in exercise on paraphrasing]

Session V: Research techniques: a view from the "field". Discussion with senior CSCS students. Looking at earlier research proposals. [Hand in note: In Search of a Topic]

Session VI: Defining the focus of research. Moving research topics from the existential to the intellectual. [Hand in note on preliminary search for sources]

Session VII: How to define your key concepts. [Hand in note on conceptualizing and communicating your research topic]

Session VIII: Quantitative and qualitative research.

Session IX: Structuring the research proposal. [Hand in critical review of three or more texts related to your research topic.]

Session X: Compiling a bibliography. Demarcating the field of research.

Session XI: Writing the research proposal.

Session XII
: Discussion of Proposal 1.

Session XIII: Proposals 2 and 3.

Session XIV: Proposals 4 and 5.

Session XV: Final suggestions. [Hand in research journal]

Winter Semester 2005
Course 406: The Idea of 'Liberal Education'
Instructor: Narahari Rao, Universität des Saarlandes, Saarbrücken
Credits: 2

The course will be in the form of discussion of some texts in terms of the following two questions: 1. How to conceive the relationship between education, socialization and self-formation (or 'personality development')? 2. How should the notion of 'intellectual virtues' be conceived and how to understand its distinctiveness and relation to moral virtues?

1. Dearden R.F., Hirst P.H., Peters R.S. (Eds), 1974, Education and the development of reason, Routledge & Kengan Paul, London
2. Amy Gutman, 1987, Democratic Education, Princeton University Press.
3. Louis Menand (Ed.), 1996, The Future of Academic Freedom, The University of Chicago Press.
4. Theodore Ziolkowski, 1990, German Romanticism and its Institutions, Princeton University Press.
5. Frank M. Turner (Ed.), 1996, John Henry Newmans 'The Idea of a University', Yale University Press.
6. Richard Rorty, 1999, Philosophy and Social Hope, Penguin Books.

Block I. Brainstorming and Articulation of the Questions

1. M. Oakeshott, 'Education: The Engagement and its Frustration' in: Dearden R.F., Hirst P.H., Peters R.S. 1974, p. 19 - 49
2. Chapters 'Back to basics' (p. 3-16) 'States and Education' (p. 19-41) 'The Purposes of Primary Education' (p. 48-64) 'Dimensions of Democratic Participation' (p. 71-78) in: Amy Gutman, 1987

Block II. Historical Excursion

1. 'The University: The Model of the Mind' in: Theodore Ziolkowski, 1990, p. 218 - 286
2. J.H. Newman's theory of University: Discourses v, vi and vii in: Frank M. Turner (Ed.), 1996, p.76-125

Block III. On the notion of Academic Freedom

1. 'Education as Socialization and as Individualization' and 'The Humanistic Intellectual: Eleven Theses' in: Richard Rorty, 1999
2. Richard Rorty, 'Does Academic Freedom have Philosophical Presuppositions?' in: Louis Menand (Ed.), 1996, p. 21-42
3. Thomas L. Haskell, 'Justifying the Rights of Academic Freedom in the Era of "Power / Knowledge', Louis Menand (Ed.), 1996, p. 43 - 90

Block IV. Ethics of Enquiry
1. Joan W. Scott, 'Academic Freedom as an Ethical Practice' in: Louis Menand (Ed.), 1996, p. 163-186
2. Evelyn Fox Keller, Science and Its Critics, in: Louis Menand (Ed.), 1996, p. 199-213

Block V. Education and Self-Formation
1. R. S. Peters, 'Education and the Educated man', in: Dearden R.F., Hirst P.H., Peters R.S. (Eds) 1974, p. 3-18
2. P.H.Hirst, 'Liberal Education and the Nature of Knowledge' in: Dearden R.F., Hirst P.H., Peters R.S. (Eds), p. 391 - 414
3. J. Passmore, 'On teaching to be critical', in: Dearden R.F., Hirst P.H., Peters R.S. (Eds), 1974, p. 415 - 433 4. Gilbert Ryle, 'Can virtue be taught?' in: Dearden R.F., Hirst P.H., Peters R.S. (Eds), 1974, p. 434 - 447

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